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Neil Hughes Sandinista poster collection

 Collection
Identifier: MS2240

Scope and Contents

This collection contains 71 items from the era of Sandinista rule in Nicaragua, 69 of which are posters and two of which are banners. Fifty-five posters and the two banners are unique designs, with the remaining 14 posters being duplicates. The posters were produced by various branches of the Sandinista movement. A significant amount of the posters come from the propaganda wing of the Frente Saninsta de Liberacion Nacion (F.S.L.N) or the Sandinista National Liberation Front. The collection also includes posters from the Central Sandinista de Trabajadores (Sandinista Worker's Federation) and the Cruzada Nacional de Alfabetizacion (Nicaragua Literacy Campaign). Several of the posters include portraits of Augusto Sandino, the Sandinistas' inspiration, and Carlos Fonseca, one of the founders of the F.S.L.N., as well as a couple that reference Vladimir Lenin.

Dates

  • 1979-1985

Conditions Governing Access

This collection is open for research.

Conditions Governing Use

Some material may be copyrighted or restricted. It is the patron's obligation to determine and satisfy copyright or other case restrictions when publishing or otherwise distributing materials found in the collections.

Biographical / Historical

The Frente Sandinista de Liberación Nacional (F.S.N.L.) or Sandanista National Liberation Front was founded in 1961 in Nicaragua. They took their name from the Nicaraguan rebel Augusto Sandino who fought the U.S. occupation of Nicarague and was killed in 1934. They struggled against the ruling Somoza dictatorship until it was overthrown in 1979. In 1979, after the F.S.L.N waged a successful guerilla campaign against Somoza, a five member Junta de Gobierno de Reconstrucción Nacional (Junta of National Reconstruction) was formed which ruled until 1985, although the F.S.L.N. had effective control over the country during that period. In 1985, Daniel Ortega, a leader in the F.S.L.N., was elected president of Nicaragua.

One of the major initiatives undertaken by the Sandinistas while they were in power was an initiative to promote literacy, the Cruzada Nacional De Alfabetizacion. This initiative lowered the overall illiteracy rate from 50.3% to 12.9% in the first five months. The Sandanistas, however, had to deal with armed opposition from U.S. backed contras during their rule in Nicaragua. Due to this opposition and a stagnating economy, the F.S.L.N. was unable to win the presidential election held in 1990 and were removed from power. The party continued in opposition to the government and eventually regained the presidency in 2006.

Extent

3 Linear Feet (7 Tubes)

Language

Spanish; Castilian

Overview

The Frente Sandinista de Liberacion Nacional is a Nicaraguan party, which ruled Nicaragua from 1979-1990 after the overthrow of the Somoza dictatorship. The collection consists of 71 posters and 2 banners illustrating various aspects of their political program.

Source

Title
Guide to the Neil Hughes Sandinista poster collection, 1979-1985
Status
Completed
Author
Special Collections Research Center, The George Washington University
Date
2009
Description rules
Describing Archives: A Content Standard
Language of description
English
Script of description
Latin
Language of description note
Finding aid written in English

Repository Details

Part of the Special Collections Research Center, The George Washington University Repository

Contact:
2130 H Street NW
Washington 20052 United States of America